Tuesday, 23 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers)
Pale Blue-flycatcher
Cyornis unicolor
纯蓝仙鹟
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    Size : 16·5–18 cm; 16–19 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Cyornis unicolor unicolor (Blyth, 1843)
    – Garhwal and from C Nepal E in Himalayas to NE India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya and Nagaland), S China (SE Xizang, W & S Yunnan and S Guangxi), Myanmar, Thailand (except C & S), N & C Laos and N Vietnam (N Annam).
  • Cyornis unicolor diaoluoensis (Cheng et al., 1981)
    – Hainan.
  • Cyornis unicolor harterti (Robinson & Kinnear, 1928)
    – Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.

Cyornis unicolor ssp. harterti
Date : 21 August 2016
Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Cyornis unicolor ssp. harterti
Date : 21 August 2016

Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Friday, 19 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Grey-breasted Spiderhunter
Arachnothera modesta
灰胸捕蛛鸟
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    Size : 17–18 cm; Male 20·5–24·9g, Female 20·1–25·5 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Arachnothera modesta caena (Deignan, 1956)
    – extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and SW Thailand.
  • Arachnothera modesta modesta (Eyton, 1839)
    – Malay Peninsula and Borneo.
  • Arachnothera modesta concolor (Snelleman, 1887)
    – Sumatra, including Mentawai Is.

Arachnothera modesta ssp. modesta
Date : 25 May 2016
Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Monday, 15 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Long-billed Spiderhunter
Arachnothera robusta
长嘴捕蛛鸟
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    Size : 21-22 cm
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Arachnothera robusta robusta (S. Müller & Schlegel, 1845)
    – S Thailand (from Trang, once Kaeng Krachan National Park) and Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.
  • Arachnothera robusta armata (S. Müller & Schlegel, 1845)
    – Java.

Arachnothera robusta ssp. robusta
Date : 10 August 2016
Location : Taman Negara Kelantan (Kuala Koh), Mukim Relai,
Daerah Gua Musang, Kelantan

Arachnothera robusta ssp. robusta
Date : 10 August 2016
Location : Taman Negara Kelantan (Kuala Koh), Mukim Relai,
Daerah Gua Musang, Kelantan

Arachnothera robusta ssp. robusta
Date : 10 August 2016
Location : Taman Negara Kelantan (Kuala Koh), Mukim Relai,
Daerah Gua Musang, Kelantan

Saturday, 13 August 2016

Order - Columbiformes
Family - Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Little Cuckoo-dove
Macropygia ruficeps
棕头鹃鸠
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    Size : 27–30 cm; 74–88 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Macropygia ruficeps assimilis (A. O. Hume, 1874)
    – E & S Myanmar (S Shan States and Kayah S to Tenasserim) and SC China
    (S Yunnan) to W, NW & NE Thailand.
  • Macropygia ruficeps engelbachi (Delacour, 1928)
    – NW Vietnam (W Tonkin) and N Laos.
  • Macropygia ruficeps malayana (Chasen & Kloss, 1931)
    – Peninsular Malaysia.
  • Macropygia ruficeps simalurensis (Richmond, 1902)
    – Simeulue (off NW Sumatra).
  • Macropygia ruficeps sumatrana (Robinson & Kloss, 1919)
    – Sumatra.
  • Macropygia ruficeps nana (Stresemann, 1913)
    – Borneo, including Sibatik I.
  • Macropygia ruficeps ruficeps (Temminck, 1835)
    – Java and Bali.
  • Macropygia ruficeps orientalis (E. J. O. Hartert, 1896)
    – Lesser Sundas, on Lombok, Sumbawa, Komodo, Flores, Sumba, Pantar,
    Alor and Timor.

Macropygia ruficeps ssp. malayana
Date : 12 August 2016
Location : Jalan Strawberry Park, Mukim Brinchang,
Daerah Cameron Highlands, Pahang

Macropygia ruficeps ssp. malayana
Date : 12 August 2016
Location : Jalan Strawberry Park, Mukim Brinchang,
Daerah Cameron Highlands, Pahang

Monday, 8 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Streaked Spiderhunter
Arachnothera magna
纹背捕蛛鸟
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    Size : 17–20·5 cm; Male 28–34·5g, Female 23·9 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Arachnothera magna magna (Hodgson, 1836)
    – Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, E Bangladesh and NE India E to S China (SE Xizang E to W, S & SE Yunnan, SW Guizhou and W Guangxi) and N Myanmar.
  • Arachnothera magna aurata (Blyth, 1855)
    – C & E Myanmar.
  • Arachnothera magna musarum (Deignan, 1956)
    – SE Myanmar, N Thailand, Laos and N Vietnam (W Tonkin).
  • Arachnothera magna pagodarum (Deignan, 1956)
    – S Myanmar, W Thailand and S Malay Peninsula.
  • Arachnothera magna remota (Riley, 1940)
    – SC & S Vietnam.

    Arachnothera magna ssp. pagodarum
    Date : 03 August 2016
    Location : Fraser's Hill, Mukim Tras, Daerah Raub, Pahang


    Arachnothera magna ssp. pagodarum
    Date : 03 August 2016
    Location : Fraser's Hill, Mukim Tras, Daerah Raub, Pahang

Sunday, 7 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Paridae (Tits and Chickadees)
Cinereous Tit
Parus cinereus
苍背山雀
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Taxonomy update for 2013
Great Tit (Parus major) is split into three species :
- Great Tit (Parus major)
- Cinereous Tit (Parus cinereus)
- Japanese Tit (Parus minor)

    Size : 12·5–14 cm; 11·9–22·1 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Parus cinereus cinereus (Vieillot, 1818)
    – Java and Lesser Sundas.
  • Parus cinereus caschmirensis (E. J. O. Hartert, 1905)
    – NW Himalayas E from N Pakistan.
  • Parus cinereus decolorans (Koelz, 1939)
    – NE Afghanistan and NW Pakistan (east of Kabul and south of the Hindu Kush).
  • Parus cinereus ziaratensis (Whistler, 1929)
    – C & S Afghanistan and W Pakistan.
  • Parus cinereus mahrattarum (E. J. O. Hartert, 1905)
    – SW India (Kerala) and Sri Lanka.
  • Parus cinereus stupae (Koelz, 1939)
    – W, C & SE India.
  • Parus cinereus nipalensis (Hodgson, 1837)
    – N India and Nepal E to W & C Myanmar.
  • Parus cinereus vauriei (Ripley, 1950)
    – NE India (E Assam).
  • Parus cinereus templorum (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946)
    – W Thailand and S Indochina.
  • Parus cinereus hainanus (E. J. O. Hartert, 1905)
    – Hainan Is.
  • Parus cinereus ambiguus ((Raffles, 1822)
    – Malay Peninsula and Sumatra.
  • Parus cinereus sarawacensis (Slater, 1885)
    – NW, NE & SE Borneo.

Parus cinereus ssp. ambiguus
Date : 03 January 2016
Location : Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak

Saturday, 30 July 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Cisticolidae (Cisticolas & allies)
Ashy Tailorbird
Orthotomus ruficeps
灰缝叶莺
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    Size : 12 cm, 7 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Orthotomus ruficeps cineraceus (Blyth, 1845)
    – extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim), S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Bangka and Belitung.
  • Orthotomus ruficeps baeus (Oberholser, 1912)
    – Nias and Pagai Is (off W Sumatra).
  • Orthotomus ruficeps concinnus (Riley, 1927)
    – Siberut and Sipura (off W Sumatra).
  • Orthotomus ruficeps borneoensis (Salvadori, 1874)
    – Borneo.
  • Orthotomus ruficeps cagayanensis (Riley, 1935)
    – Cagayan Sulu (off N Borneo).
  • Orthotomus ruficeps ruficeps (Lesson, 1830)
    – Java.
  • Orthotomus ruficeps baweanus (Hoogerwerf, 1962)
    – Bawean I (N of Java).
  • Orthotomus ruficeps palliolatus (Chasen & Kloss, 1932)
    – Kangean Is and Karimunjawa Is (off N Java).

Orthotomus ruficeps ssp. cineraceus
Date : 23 February 2015
Location : Pulau Indah, Daerah Klang, Selangor


Friday, 29 July 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Campephagidae (Cuckoo-shrikes)
Large Wood-shrike
Tephrodornis virgatus
钩嘴林鵙
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    Size : 18.5-23 cm, 28-46 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Tephrodornis virgatus sylvicola (Jerdon, 1839)
    – Western Ghats of India.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus pelvicus (Hodgson, 1837)
    – E Himalayas from N India E to N, NE & SW Myanmar, also E India (Eastern Ghats).
  • Tephrodornis virgatus jugans (Deignan, 1948)
    – E Myanmar, S China (SW Yunnan) and NW Thailand (S to N Tak).
  • Tephrodornis virgatus latouchei (Kinnear, 1925)
    – S & SE China (W & SE Yunnan, Guizhov, Guangxi, N Guangdong, C & E Fujian).
  • Tephrodornis virgatus hainanus (Ogilvie-Grant, 1910)
    – N Laos, N Vietnam and Hainan I.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus vernayi (Kinnear, 1924)
    – SE Myanmar (S to N Tenasserim) and SW Thailand.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus annectens (Robinson & Kloss, 1918)
    – S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and S Thailand.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus mekongensis (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946)
    – E & SE Thailand, S Laos, Cambodia and S Vietnam.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus fretensis (Robinson & Kloss, 1920)
    – SE peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia (S from Perlis and Narathiwat) and N Sumatra.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus virgatus (Temminck, 1824)
    – S & SW Sumatra and Java.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus frenatus (Büttikofer, 1887)
    – Borneo.

Tephrodornis virgatus ssp. fretensis
Date : 17 January 2016
Location : Taman TAR, Ampang, Daerah Hulu Langat, Selangor

Saturday, 23 July 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers)
Blue-and-white Flycatcher
Cyanoptila cyanomelana
白腹蓝鹟
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    Size : 16-17 cm, average 25 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Cyanoptila cyanomelana cumatilis (Thayer & Bangs, 1909)
    – breeds NE China (Manchuria S to Hebei), SE Russia (S Ussuriland) and N Korea; non-breeding Laos and Vietnam, Greater Sundas and Philippines (Luzon, Palawan).
  • Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana (Temminck, 1829)
    – breeds S Kuril Is, Japan and S Korea; non-breeding Taiwan, SE China (Hainan), Indochina, Philippines (Luzon, Negros, Palawan, Balabac and Bongao) and Borneo.

Cyanoptila cyanomelana ssp. cyanomelana
Date : 12 February 2016
Location : Kinabalu Park, Ranau, Bahagian Pantai Barat, Sabah

Friday, 22 July 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Zosteropidae (White-eyes)
Black-capped White-eye
Zosterops atricapilla
黑冠绣眼鸟
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    Size : 9.5-10 cm, 8.5-11 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Zosterops atricapilla viridicatus (Chasen, 1941)
    – N Sumatra (Leuser Mts, in Aceh; region of Berastagi, in Sumatera Utara).
  • Zosterops atricapilla atricapilla (Salvadori, 1879)
    – C & S Sumatra; N, NE & SE Borneo (Mt Kinabalu, Mt Mulu, Batu Patap, Ulu Sabai, Tutoh; upper Kayan region; Meratus Mts).

Zosterops atricapilla ssp. atricapilla
Date : 11 February 2016
Location : Kinabalu Park, Ranau, Bahagian Pantai Barat, Sabah


Order - Passeriformes
Family - Campephagidae (Cuckoo-shrikes)
Grey-chinned Minivet
Pericrocotus solaris
灰喉山椒鸟
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    Size : 17-19 cm, 11-17 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Pericrocotus solaris solaris (Blyth, 1846)
    – C & E Himalayas (WC Nepal E to Assam) and N & W Myanmar.
  • Pericrocotus solaris rubrolimbatus (Salvadori, 1887)
    – E & SE Myanmar and N Thailand.
  • Pericrocotus solaris montpellieri (La Touche, 1922)
    – S China (N Yunnan).
  • Pericrocotus solaris griseogularis (Gould, 1863)
    – SE China (Guizhou, N Guangxi, C & S Hunan, Guangdong, NW & E Fujian), Taiwan, Hainan, NE Laos and N Vietnam.
  • Pericrocotus solaris deignani (Riley, 1940)
    – S Laos and C Vietnam (C & S Annam).
  • Pericrocotus solaris nassovicus (Deignan, 1938)
    – SE Thailand and S Cambodia.
  • Pericrocotus solaris montanus (Salvadori, 1879)
    – Peninsular Malaysia and W Sumatra.
  • Pericrocotus solaris cinereigula (Sharpe, 1889)
    – N Borneo.

Pericrocotus solaris ssp. cinereigula
Date : 11 February 2016
Location : Kinabalu Park, Ranau, Bahagian Pantai Barat, Sabah

Pericrocotus solaris ssp. cinereigula
Date : 11 February 2016
Location : Kinabalu Park, Ranau, Bahagian Pantai Barat, Sabah

Sunday, 10 July 2016

Order - Galliformes
Family - Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Malay Crested Fireback
Lophura rufa
马来亚凤冠火背鹇
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    Size : Male c. 70 cm (tail 24–29 cm), 1810–2605 g; 
             Female 56–57 cm (tail 17–20 cm), 1350–1600 g

    (NT : Near Threatened)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Raffles, 1822, Sumatra)
    – Malay Peninsula (S from Isthmus of Kra) and Sumatra.

Date : 08 July 2016
Location : Taman Negara Pahang, Kuala Tahan, Daerah Jerantut, Pahang

Date : 07 July 2016
Location : Taman Negara Pahang, Kuala Tahan, Daerah Jerantut, Pahang

Date : 07 July 2016
Location : Taman Negara Pahang, Kuala Tahan, Daerah Jerantut, Pahang

Date : 08 July 2016
Location : Taman Negara Pahang, Kuala Tahan, Daerah Jerantut, Pahang
Order - Passeriformes
Family - Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Ruby-cheeked Sunbird
Chalcoparia singalensis
紫颊直嘴太阳鸟
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    Size : 10–11 cm; Male 8·2–9·1 g, Female 8·6 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Chalcoparia singalensis assamensis (Kloss, 1930)
    – C Nepal (from Chitwan) E to NE India (S from Assam), Bangladesh, N Myanmar, N Thailand and S China (W & S Yunnan).
  • Chalcoparia singalensis internota (Deignan, 1955)
    – S Myanmar and S Thailand (S to Isthmus of Kra).
  • Chalcoparia singalensis interposita (Robinson & Kloss, 1921)
    – Peninsular Thailand S of Isthmus of Kra.
  • Chalcoparia singalensis koratensis (Kloss, 1918)
    – E Thailand and Indochina.
  • Chalcoparia singalensis singalensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1789)
    – Peninsular Malaysia S from N Perak.
  • Chalcoparia singalensis sumatrana (Kloss, 1921)
    – Mainland Sumatra and Belitung.
  • Chalcoparia singalensis panopsia (Oberholser, 1912)
    – Islands off W coast of Sumatra.
  • Chalcoparia singalensis pallida (Chasen, 1935)
    – N Natuna Is.
  • Chalcoparia singalensis borneana (Kloss, 1921)
    – Borneo.
  • Chalcoparia singalensis bantenensis (Hoogerwerf, 1967)
    – W Java.
  • Chalcoparia singalensis phoenicotis (Temminck, 1822)
    – C & E Java.

Chalcoparia singalensis ssp. singalensis
Date : 08 July 2016
Location : Taman Negara Pahang, Kuala Tahan, Daerah Jerantut, Pahang

Wednesday, 29 June 2016

Order - Columbidae
Family - Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Common Emerald Dove /
Green-winged Dove
Chalcophaps indica
绿翅金鸠 
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    Size : 23–27 cm; 89–171 g, 100–131 g (natalis)
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Chalcophaps indica indica (Linnaeus, 1758)
    – Indian Subcontinent (S from Himalayan foothills), S China (SE Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Hainan), Taiwan and S Ryukyu Is, and S through SE Asia and Philippines
    to Greater and Lesser Sundas (E to Alor), Sulawesi, Moluccas (except SE part)
    and W Papuan Is.
  • Chalcophaps indica robinsoni (E. C. S. Baker, 1928)
    – Sri Lanka.
  • Chalcophaps indica maxima (E. J. O. Hartert, 1931)
    – Andaman Is.
  • Chalcophaps indica augusta Bonaparte, 1855)
    – Nicobar Is.
  • Chalcophaps indica natalis (Lister, 1889)
    – Christmas I (S of Java).
  • Chalcophaps indica minima (E. J. O. Hartert, 1931)
    – Islands of Numfor, Biak and Mios Num (Geelvink Bay), in NW New Guinea.

Chalcophaps indica ssp. indica
Date : 02 May 2016
Location : Fraser's Hill, Mukim Tras, Daerah Raub, Pahang

Monday, 20 June 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Pycnonotidae (Bulbuls)
Grey-cheeked Bulbul
Alophoixus bres
灰颊冠鹎
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    Size : 21·5–23 cm; 29–44 g, Male 41–46 g and Female 51–52 g (gutturalis)
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Alophoixus bres tephrogenys (Jardine & Selby, 1833)
    – S Myanmar (Tenasserim S of c. 14° N), S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
    (not Singapore) and E Sumatra.
  • Alophoixus bres bres (Lesson, 1831)
    – Java and Bali.
  • Alophoixus bres gutturalis (Bonaparte, 1850)
    – Borneo.
  • Alophoixus bres frater (Sharpe, 1877)
    – W Philippines (Calamians, Palawan, Balabac).

Alophoixus bres ssp. tephrogenys
Date : 05 June 2016
Location : Taman Negara Pahang (Sungai Relau), Merapoh, Daerah Lipis, Pahang