Thursday, 29 September 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Chloropseidae (Leafbirds)
Greater Green Leafbird
Chloropsis sonnerati
大绿叶鹎
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    Size : 18–21 cm
    Male 42.9–48.2 g, Two females 38 g and 41.2 g (zosterops)
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Chloropsis sonnerati zosterops (Vigors, 1830)
    – S Myanmar (C Tenasserim) and SW Thailand S to Sumatra and satellites, E to N Natuna group and Borneo.
  • Chloropsis sonnerati sonnerati (Jardine & Selby, 1827)
    – Java.

Chloropsis sonnerati ssp. zosterops
Date : 24 September 2016
Location : Kledang Saiong Forest Eco Park, Bandar Meru Jaya, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Monday, 19 September 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Sittidae (Nuthatches)
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch
Sitta frontalis
绒额䴓
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    Size : 12·5 cm; 8·5–17 g (frontalis)
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Sitta frontalis frontalis (Swainson, 1820)
    – Peninsular India, especially in hills (absent from large areas, e.g. N & NW,
    Gangetic Plain and Deccan plateau), Himalayan foothills from Kumaon E to
    NE India (S from Assam and Nagaland), Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, S China
    (W, S & SE Yunnan S to Xishuangbanna, C & S Guizhou, W Guangxi and W & S Guangdong), Myanmar, Thailand S to Isthmus of Kra (absent from C plains and
    much of NE), and Indochina.
  • Sitta frontalis saturatior (E. J. O. Hartert, 1902)
    – Malay Peninsula S of Isthmus of Kra (including Phuket, Penang and Singapore), Lingga Archipelago, Sumatra (including Simeulue I) and Bangka.
  • Sitta frontalis corallipes (Sharpe, 1888)
    – Borneo, including Maratua I (off E coast).
  • Sitta frontalis palawana (E. J. O. Hartert, 1905)
    – Palawan and Balabac, in W Philippines.
  • Sitta frontalis velata (Temminck, 1821)
    – Java.

Sitta frontalis saturatior
Date : 17 September 2016
Location : Kledang Saiong Forest Eco Park, Bandar Meru Jaya, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Sitta frontalis saturatior
Date : 17 September 2016
Location : Kledang Saiong Forest Eco Park, Bandar Meru Jaya, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Sitta frontalis saturatior
Date : 17 September 2016
Location : Kledang Saiong Forest Eco Park, Bandar Meru Jaya, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Sitta frontalis saturatior
Date : 17 September 2016
Location : Kledang Saiong Forest Eco Park, Bandar Meru Jaya, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Tuesday, 13 September 2016

Order - Cuculiformes
Family - Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
Malaysian Hawk-cuckoo
Hierococcyx fugax
棕腹鹰鹃
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    Size : 28–30 cm; 62–76·5 g

    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Horsfield, 1821, Java)
    – S Myanmar (S Tenasserim), S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.

Date : 12 September 2016
Location : Kledang Saiong Forest Eco Park, Bandar Meru Jaya, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Tuesday, 6 September 2016

Order - Trogoniformes
Family - Trogonidae (Trogons)
Red-naped Trogon
Harpactes kasumba
红顶咬鹃
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    Size : 32-34 cm, 72 g
    
    (NT : Near Threatened)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Harpactes kasumba kasumba (Raffles, 1822)
    – extreme S peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra.
  • Harpactes kasumba impavidus (Chasen & Kloss, 1931)
    – Borneo.

Harpactes kasumba ssp. kasumba
Date : 03 September 2016
Location : Kledang Saiong Forest Eco Park, Bandar Meru Jaya, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Harpactes kasumba ssp. kasumba
Date : 03 September 2016
Location : Kledang Saiong Forest Eco Park, Bandar Meru Jaya, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Harpactes kasumba ssp. kasumba
Date : 03 September 2016

Location : Kledang Saiong Forest Eco Park, Bandar Meru Jaya, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Sunday, 28 August 2016

Order - Columbiformes
Family - Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Barred Cuckoo-dove
Macropygia unchall
斑尾鹃鸠
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    Size : 37–41 cm; 153–182 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Macropygia unchall tusalia (Blyth, 1843)
    – Himalayas from Kashmir and Garhwal E to Assam, Sichuan and SW Yunnan,
    and S in hills of Myanmar to Shan States.
  • Macropygia unchall minor (Swinhoe, 1870)
    – Mountains of SE China (Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan) S to C Vietnam (Annam),
    Laos and Thailand.
  • Macropygia unchall unchall (Wagler, 1827)
    – Montane areas of Malay Peninsula, through Sumatra and Java to Bali, Lombok
    and Flores.

Macropygia unchall ssp. unchall
Date : 28 August 2016
Location : Gunung Brinchang, Mukim Brinchang, Daerah Cameron Highlands, Pahang

Macropygia unchall ssp. unchall
Date : 28 August 2016
Location : Gunung Brinchang, Mukim Brinchang, Daerah Cameron Highlands, Pahang

Tuesday, 23 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers)
Pale Blue-flycatcher
Cyornis unicolor
纯蓝仙鹟
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    Size : 16·5–18 cm; 16–19 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Cyornis unicolor unicolor (Blyth, 1843)
    – Garhwal and from C Nepal E in Himalayas to NE India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya and Nagaland), S China (SE Xizang, W & S Yunnan and S Guangxi), Myanmar, Thailand (except C & S), N & C Laos and N Vietnam (N Annam).
  • Cyornis unicolor diaoluoensis (Cheng et al., 1981)
    – Hainan.
  • Cyornis unicolor harterti (Robinson & Kinnear, 1928)
    – Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.

Cyornis unicolor ssp. harterti
Date : 21 August 2016
Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Cyornis unicolor ssp. harterti
Date : 21 August 2016

Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Friday, 19 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Grey-breasted Spiderhunter
Arachnothera modesta
灰胸捕蛛鸟
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    Size : 17–18 cm; Male 20·5–24·9g, Female 20·1–25·5 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Arachnothera modesta caena (Deignan, 1956)
    – extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and SW Thailand.
  • Arachnothera modesta modesta (Eyton, 1839)
    – Malay Peninsula and Borneo.
  • Arachnothera modesta concolor (Snelleman, 1887)
    – Sumatra, including Mentawai Is.

Arachnothera modesta ssp. modesta
Date : 25 May 2016
Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Monday, 15 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Long-billed Spiderhunter
Arachnothera robusta
长嘴捕蛛鸟
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    Size : 21-22 cm
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Arachnothera robusta robusta (S. Müller & Schlegel, 1845)
    – S Thailand (from Trang, once Kaeng Krachan National Park) and Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.
  • Arachnothera robusta armata (S. Müller & Schlegel, 1845)
    – Java.

Arachnothera robusta ssp. robusta
Date : 10 August 2016
Location : Taman Negara Kelantan (Kuala Koh), Mukim Relai,
Daerah Gua Musang, Kelantan

Arachnothera robusta ssp. robusta
Date : 10 August 2016
Location : Taman Negara Kelantan (Kuala Koh), Mukim Relai,
Daerah Gua Musang, Kelantan

Arachnothera robusta ssp. robusta
Date : 10 August 2016
Location : Taman Negara Kelantan (Kuala Koh), Mukim Relai,
Daerah Gua Musang, Kelantan

Saturday, 13 August 2016

Order - Columbiformes
Family - Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Little Cuckoo-dove
Macropygia ruficeps
棕头鹃鸠
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    Size : 27–30 cm; 74–88 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Macropygia ruficeps assimilis (A. O. Hume, 1874)
    – E & S Myanmar (S Shan States and Kayah S to Tenasserim) and SC China
    (S Yunnan) to W, NW & NE Thailand.
  • Macropygia ruficeps engelbachi (Delacour, 1928)
    – NW Vietnam (W Tonkin) and N Laos.
  • Macropygia ruficeps malayana (Chasen & Kloss, 1931)
    – Peninsular Malaysia.
  • Macropygia ruficeps simalurensis (Richmond, 1902)
    – Simeulue (off NW Sumatra).
  • Macropygia ruficeps sumatrana (Robinson & Kloss, 1919)
    – Sumatra.
  • Macropygia ruficeps nana (Stresemann, 1913)
    – Borneo, including Sibatik I.
  • Macropygia ruficeps ruficeps (Temminck, 1835)
    – Java and Bali.
  • Macropygia ruficeps orientalis (E. J. O. Hartert, 1896)
    – Lesser Sundas, on Lombok, Sumbawa, Komodo, Flores, Sumba, Pantar,
    Alor and Timor.

Macropygia ruficeps ssp. malayana
Date : 12 August 2016
Location : Jalan Strawberry Park, Mukim Brinchang,
Daerah Cameron Highlands, Pahang

Macropygia ruficeps ssp. malayana
Date : 12 August 2016
Location : Jalan Strawberry Park, Mukim Brinchang,
Daerah Cameron Highlands, Pahang

Monday, 8 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Streaked Spiderhunter
Arachnothera magna
纹背捕蛛鸟
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    Size : 17–20·5 cm; Male 28–34·5g, Female 23·9 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Arachnothera magna magna (Hodgson, 1836)
    – Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, E Bangladesh and NE India E to S China (SE Xizang E to W, S & SE Yunnan, SW Guizhou and W Guangxi) and N Myanmar.
  • Arachnothera magna aurata (Blyth, 1855)
    – C & E Myanmar.
  • Arachnothera magna musarum (Deignan, 1956)
    – SE Myanmar, N Thailand, Laos and N Vietnam (W Tonkin).
  • Arachnothera magna pagodarum (Deignan, 1956)
    – S Myanmar, W Thailand and S Malay Peninsula.
  • Arachnothera magna remota (Riley, 1940)
    – SC & S Vietnam.

    Arachnothera magna ssp. pagodarum
    Date : 03 August 2016
    Location : Fraser's Hill, Mukim Tras, Daerah Raub, Pahang


    Arachnothera magna ssp. pagodarum
    Date : 03 August 2016
    Location : Fraser's Hill, Mukim Tras, Daerah Raub, Pahang

Sunday, 7 August 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Paridae (Tits and Chickadees)
Cinereous Tit
Parus cinereus
苍背山雀
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Taxonomy update for 2013
Great Tit (Parus major) is split into three species :
- Great Tit (Parus major)
- Cinereous Tit (Parus cinereus)
- Japanese Tit (Parus minor)

    Size : 12·5–14 cm; 11·9–22·1 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Parus cinereus cinereus (Vieillot, 1818)
    – Java and Lesser Sundas.
  • Parus cinereus caschmirensis (E. J. O. Hartert, 1905)
    – NW Himalayas E from N Pakistan.
  • Parus cinereus decolorans (Koelz, 1939)
    – NE Afghanistan and NW Pakistan (east of Kabul and south of the Hindu Kush).
  • Parus cinereus ziaratensis (Whistler, 1929)
    – C & S Afghanistan and W Pakistan.
  • Parus cinereus mahrattarum (E. J. O. Hartert, 1905)
    – SW India (Kerala) and Sri Lanka.
  • Parus cinereus stupae (Koelz, 1939)
    – W, C & SE India.
  • Parus cinereus nipalensis (Hodgson, 1837)
    – N India and Nepal E to W & C Myanmar.
  • Parus cinereus vauriei (Ripley, 1950)
    – NE India (E Assam).
  • Parus cinereus templorum (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946)
    – W Thailand and S Indochina.
  • Parus cinereus hainanus (E. J. O. Hartert, 1905)
    – Hainan Is.
  • Parus cinereus ambiguus ((Raffles, 1822)
    – Malay Peninsula and Sumatra.
  • Parus cinereus sarawacensis (Slater, 1885)
    – NW, NE & SE Borneo.

Parus cinereus ssp. ambiguus
Date : 03 January 2016
Location : Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak

Saturday, 30 July 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Cisticolidae (Cisticolas & allies)
Ashy Tailorbird
Orthotomus ruficeps
灰缝叶莺
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    Size : 12 cm, 7 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Orthotomus ruficeps cineraceus (Blyth, 1845)
    – extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim), S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Bangka and Belitung.
  • Orthotomus ruficeps baeus (Oberholser, 1912)
    – Nias and Pagai Is (off W Sumatra).
  • Orthotomus ruficeps concinnus (Riley, 1927)
    – Siberut and Sipura (off W Sumatra).
  • Orthotomus ruficeps borneoensis (Salvadori, 1874)
    – Borneo.
  • Orthotomus ruficeps cagayanensis (Riley, 1935)
    – Cagayan Sulu (off N Borneo).
  • Orthotomus ruficeps ruficeps (Lesson, 1830)
    – Java.
  • Orthotomus ruficeps baweanus (Hoogerwerf, 1962)
    – Bawean I (N of Java).
  • Orthotomus ruficeps palliolatus (Chasen & Kloss, 1932)
    – Kangean Is and Karimunjawa Is (off N Java).

Orthotomus ruficeps ssp. cineraceus
Date : 31 August 2016
Location : Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve, Daerah Larut, Matang & Selama, Perak

Orthotomus ruficeps ssp. cineraceus
Date : 23 February 2015
Location : Pulau Indah, Daerah Klang, Selangor


Friday, 29 July 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Campephagidae (Cuckoo-shrikes)
Large Wood-shrike
Tephrodornis virgatus
钩嘴林鵙
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    Size : 18.5-23 cm, 28-46 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Tephrodornis virgatus sylvicola (Jerdon, 1839)
    – Western Ghats of India.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus pelvicus (Hodgson, 1837)
    – E Himalayas from N India E to N, NE & SW Myanmar, also E India (Eastern Ghats).
  • Tephrodornis virgatus jugans (Deignan, 1948)
    – E Myanmar, S China (SW Yunnan) and NW Thailand (S to N Tak).
  • Tephrodornis virgatus latouchei (Kinnear, 1925)
    – S & SE China (W & SE Yunnan, Guizhov, Guangxi, N Guangdong, C & E Fujian).
  • Tephrodornis virgatus hainanus (Ogilvie-Grant, 1910)
    – N Laos, N Vietnam and Hainan I.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus vernayi (Kinnear, 1924)
    – SE Myanmar (S to N Tenasserim) and SW Thailand.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus annectens (Robinson & Kloss, 1918)
    – S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and S Thailand.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus mekongensis (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946)
    – E & SE Thailand, S Laos, Cambodia and S Vietnam.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus fretensis (Robinson & Kloss, 1920)
    – SE peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia (S from Perlis and Narathiwat) and N Sumatra.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus virgatus (Temminck, 1824)
    – S & SW Sumatra and Java.
  • Tephrodornis virgatus frenatus (Büttikofer, 1887)
    – Borneo.

Tephrodornis virgatus ssp. fretensis
Date : 24 September 2016
Location : Kledang Saiong Eco Forest Park, Meru, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Tephrodornis virgatus ssp. fretensis
Date : 17 January 2016
Location : Taman TAR, Ampang, Daerah Hulu Langat, Selangor

Saturday, 23 July 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers)
Blue-and-white Flycatcher
Cyanoptila cyanomelana
白腹蓝鹟
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    Size : 16-17 cm, average 25 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Cyanoptila cyanomelana cumatilis (Thayer & Bangs, 1909)
    – breeds NE China (Manchuria S to Hebei), SE Russia (S Ussuriland) and N Korea; non-breeding Laos and Vietnam, Greater Sundas and Philippines (Luzon, Palawan).
  • Cyanoptila cyanomelana cyanomelana (Temminck, 1829)
    – breeds S Kuril Is, Japan and S Korea; non-breeding Taiwan, SE China (Hainan), Indochina, Philippines (Luzon, Negros, Palawan, Balabac and Bongao) and Borneo.

Cyanoptila cyanomelana ssp. cyanomelana
Date : 12 February 2016
Location : Kinabalu Park, Ranau, Bahagian Pantai Barat, Sabah

Friday, 22 July 2016

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Zosteropidae (White-eyes)
Black-capped White-eye
Zosterops atricapilla
黑冠绣眼鸟
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    Size : 9.5-10 cm, 8.5-11 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Zosterops atricapilla viridicatus (Chasen, 1941)
    – N Sumatra (Leuser Mts, in Aceh; region of Berastagi, in Sumatera Utara).
  • Zosterops atricapilla atricapilla (Salvadori, 1879)
    – C & S Sumatra; N, NE & SE Borneo (Mt Kinabalu, Mt Mulu, Batu Patap, Ulu Sabai, Tutoh; upper Kayan region; Meratus Mts).

Zosterops atricapilla ssp. atricapilla
Date : 11 February 2016
Location : Kinabalu Park, Ranau, Bahagian Pantai Barat, Sabah