Monday, 1 October 2018

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Pycnonotidae (Bulbuls)
Charlotte's Bulbul
Iole charlottae
黄臀灰胸鹎
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    Taxonomy update for 2017

Buff-vented Bulbul has been split into two species. Under the new arrangement, Buff-vented Bulbul occurs in the Thai-Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Bangka and Belitung, Anambas Islands, and Natuna, while
the form occurring in Borneo becomes a new endemic species
named Charlotte’s Bulbul. :
- Buff-vented Bulbul (Iole crypta)
- Charlotte's BUlbul (Iole charlottae)
 
    
    Updates & Corrections – August 2017 | Clements Checklist
    
Buff-vented Bulbul has been listed as a monotypic species, Iole olivacea, since subspecies
    were introduced to the eBird/Clements Checklist (Clements Checklist fifth edition, 2000).
    The species name is charlottae (Dickinson and Christidis 2014), not olivacea, however,
    and the species should have been considered to be polytypic, with subspecies crypta and
    charlottae (Rand and Deignan 1960, Dickinson and Christidis 2014). Manawatthana et al.
    (2017) now demonstrate that crypta and charlottae each should be recognized as a
    separate species.

    
After the split, the name Iole charlottae is applied to the Borneo species, Charlotte’s
    Bulbul (Iole charlottae) and the species of the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and adjacent
    islands retains its English name, but uses a new scientific name: Buff-vented Bulbul
    (Iole crypta).

    Size : 20–20·5 cm; 20–28 g
    
    (NT : Near Threatened)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Finsch, 1867, Borneo)
    – Borneo (including Banggi I).

Date : 17 September 2018
Location : Canopy Walk, Sepilok Rainforest Discovery Centre (RDC), Sandakan, Sabah


Date : 17 September 2018Location : Pitta Path, Sepilok Rainforest Discovery Centre (RDC), Sandakan, Sabah

Friday, 21 September 2018

Order - Galliformes
Family - Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Sabah Partridge
Arborophila graydoni
栗胸山鹧鸪 (沙巴)
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    Size : c. 26–32 cm

    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Sharpe and C. Chubb, 1906, Sandakan, Sabah, north-eastern Borneo)
    – Sabah, in NE Borneo.

Date : 15 September 2018
Location : Sepilok Jungle Resort, Batu 14 Sepilok, Bahagian Sandakan, Sabah


Date : 15 September 2018
Location : Sepilok Jungle Resort, Batu 14 Sepilok, Bahagian Sandakan, Sabah


Date : 15 September 2018
Location : Sepilok Jungle Resort, Batu 14 Sepilok, Bahagian Sandakan, Sabah

Date : 15 September 2018
Location : Sepilok Jungle Resort, Batu 14 Sepilok, Bahagian Sandakan, Sabah

Date : 15 September 2018
Location : Sepilok Jungle Resort, Batu 14 Sepilok, Bahagian Sandakan, Sabah

Tuesday, 18 September 2018

Order - Coraciiformes
Family - Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
Black-faced Kingfisher
Lacedo melanops
黑脸横斑翠鸟
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    Size : 20 cm; 50 g
    
    (NT : Near Threatened)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Halcyon (Paralcyon) melanops Bonaparte, 1850, Borneo)
    – Bangka I (off SE Sumatra) and Borneo.

Date : 17 September 2018
Location : Sepilok Rainforest Discovery Centre (RDC), Sandakan, Sabah

Date : 17 September 2018
Location : Sepilok Rainforest Discovery Centre (RDC), Sandakan, Sabah

Wednesday, 8 August 2018

Order - Pelecaniformes
Family - Ardeidae (Herons)
Black-crowned Night-heron
Nycticorax nycticorax
黑冠麻鹭
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    Size : 56–65 cm; 278–1100 g; Wingspan 105–112 cm
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758)
    – C & S Europe and N Africa E to C, S & E Asia (to E China, Japan and Taiwan), and S to Java, Sulawesi, Timor and Philippines; sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar. Some N breeders winter in S parts of range.
  • Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli (J. F. Gmelin, 1789)
    – S Canada (EC Alberta to Nova Scotia) S through USA and Central and South America to N Chile and NC Argentina (Río Negro); Hawaiian Is.
  • Nycticorax nycticorax obscurus (Bonaparte, 1855)
    – N Chile (from Atacama) and NC Argentina (from Río Negro) S to Tierra del Fuego.
  • Nycticorax nycticorax falklandicus (E. J. O. Hartert, 1914)
    – Falkland Is.

Date : 29 July 2018
Location : Taiping Lake Garden, Taiping, Daerah Larut, Matang & Selama, Perak

Sunday, 15 July 2018

Order - Strigiformes
Family - Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Brown Fish-owl
Ketupa zeylonensis
褐渔鸮
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    Size : 48–58 cm; one male c. 1105 g, one female 1308 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Ketupa zeylonensis semenowi (Zarudny, 1905)
    – S Turkey, Israel (probably extinct) and S Iran to SE Pakistan and NW India; probably also N Syria.
  • Ketupa zeylonensis leschenaulti (Temminck, 1820)
    – N Pakistan and India (S of Himalayas) E to Myanmar (except NE) and Thailand.
  • Ketupa zeylonensis zeylonensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1788)
    – Sri Lanka.
  • Ketupa zeylonensis orientalis (Delacour, 1926)
    – NE Myanmar to SE China (Guangxi, Guangdong), S to Malay Peninsula, Indochina and Hainan I.

Ketupa zeylonensis ssp. orientalis
Date : 21 July 2018
Location : Gunung Keriang, Mukim Gunong, Daerah Kota Setar, Kedah

Ketupa zeylonensis ssp. orientalis
Date : 21 July 2018
Location : Gunung Keriang, Mukim Gunong, Daerah Kota Setar, Kedah

Ketupa zeylonensis ssp. orientalis
Date : 21 July 2018
Location : Gunung Keriang, Mukim Gunong, Daerah Kota Setar, Kedah

Ketupa zeylonensis ssp. orientalis
Date : 15 July 2018
Location : Gunung Keriang, Mukim Gunong, Daerah Kota Setar, Kedah

Monday, 9 July 2018

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Zosteropidae (White-eyes)
Oriental White-eye
Zosterops palpebrosus
灰腹绣眼鸟
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    Size : 9.6–11 cm; 5.6–11 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Zosterops palpebrosus palpebrosus (Temminck, 1824) – Oriental White-eye
    – SE Arabia (Mahawt I, in Oman); S Iran (Khoor-e-Azini, Jask, Khoor-e-Khalasi, Khoor-e-Neyzei), NE Afghanistan, Pakistan and N India E to S China (SE Xizang, SW Sichuan and Yunnan E to SW Guangxi) and Myanmar (except S & SE).
  • Zosterops palpebrosus nilgiriensis (Ticehurst, 1927)
    – S Western Ghats (hills of S Karnataka and W Tamil Nadu), in SW India.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus salimalii (Whistler, 1933)
    – S Eastern Ghats (Shevaroy, Chitteri, Seshachalam, Nallamalai), in SE India.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus egregius (Madarász, 1911)
    – lowlands of India, Laccadive Is and Sri Lanka.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus siamensis (Blyth, 1867)
    – S Myanmar (Pegu, Kayah, Kayin), N, E & SE Thailand and NW Indochina.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus nicobaricus (Blyth, 1845)
    – Andaman Is and Nicobar Is (except S).
  • Zosterops palpebrosus williamsoni (Robinson & Kloss, 1919)
    – Gulf of Thailand coast (from Bangkok S to Pattani) and W Cambodia.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus auriventer (A. O. Hume, 1878)
    – extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim), W coast of S Thailand, W & SE Peninsular Malaysia (including islands of Ra, Libong, Pinang, Kelang Estuary Group and Pisang off W coast, and Tioman off E coast), Singapore, E coastal areas of Sumatra, Riau Is (Kundur), Bangka I, S Natuna Is and Borneo (W Sarawak, Brunei).
  • Zosterops palpebrosus buxtoni (Nicholson, 1879)
    – highlands of Sumatra, and extreme W Java (Bantam and Bogor).
  • Zosterops palpebrosus melanurus (Hartlaub, 1865) – Sunda White-eye
    – Java and Bali.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus unicus (E. J. O. Hartert, 1897)
    – Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa and Flores).

Zosterops palpebrosus ssp. auriventer
Date : 08 July 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah

Tuesday, 26 June 2018

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Sturnidae (Starlings)
Jungle Myna
Acridotheres fuscus
林八哥
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    Size : 24 cm; 72–98 g

    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Acridotheres fuscus fuscus (Wagler, 1827)
    – N Pakistan E through Himalayan foothills to NE India (Assam), S in lower hills to Rajasthan and N Odisha, and to Bangladesh; also Myanmar (except N & E).
  • Acridotheres fuscus mahrattensis (Sykes, 1832)
    – W India from Rajasthan S to Kerala, E to W Tamil Nadu.
  • Acridotheres fuscus fumidus (Ripley, 1950)
    – E Assam and Nagaland, in NE India.
  • Acridotheres fuscus torquatus (W. R. Davison, 1892)
    – Malay Peninsula (except extreme S).
    Introduced (nominate race) in Fiji, Futuna, Samoa and Taiwan.


Date : 24 June 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah

Sunday, 24 June 2018

Order - Columbiformes
Family - Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Red Turtle-dove /
Red Collared-dove
Streptopelia tranquebarica
火斑鸠
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    Size : 20.5–23 cm; 104 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Streptopelia tranquebarica tranquebarica (Hermann, 1804)
    – Sind and Punjab E to W Nepal, Bihar and Bengal, and S through peninsular India.
  • Streptopelia tranquebarica humilis (Temminck, 1824)
    – NE Tibet, Nepal, NE India (Sikkim and Assam) and Andaman Is to Myanmar, Thailand and Indochina and on to N China, Taiwan and N Philippines.
    Also Peninsular Malaysia and Sulawesi, where presumed to have been introduced.


Date : 24 June 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah


Date : 24 June 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah


Date : 24 June 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah

Date : 24 June 2018

Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah

Wednesday, 6 June 2018

Order - Piciformes
Family - Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Chequer-throated Woodpecker /
Chequer-throated Yellownape
Chrysophlegma humii
斑喉绿啄木鸟 / 方格喉绿啄木鸟
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    Size : c. 26–29 cm; 82–121 g
    
    (NT : Near Threatened)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Hargitt, 1889, Malacca and Selangor)
    – S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and S peninsular Thailand to Sumatra (including Bangka) and Borneo.

Date : 16 February 2018
Location : Taman Botani Negara Shah Alam (TBNSA),
Shah Alam, Daerah Petaling, Selangor

Sunday, 3 June 2018

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Cisticolidae (Cisticolas & allies)
Common Tailorbird
Orthotomus sutorius
长尾缝叶莺
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    Size : 10–14 cm; 6–10 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Orthotomus sutorius guzuratus (Latham, 1790)
    – Pakistan and peninsular India.
  • Orthotomus sutorius fernandonis (Whistler, 1939)
    – highland Sri Lanka.
  • Orthotomus sutorius sutorius (Pennant, 1769)
    – lowland Sri Lanka.
  • Orthotomus sutorius patia (Hodgson, 1845)
    – Nepal terai and foothills E to Bhutan, Bangladesh, NE India and W Myanmar.
  • Orthotomus sutorius luteus (Ripley, 1948)
    – NE India (E Assam, Nagaland S to N Manipur).
  • Orthotomus sutorius inexpectatus (La Touche, 1922)
    – S China (SE Xizang, Yunnan) and E Myanmar E to N Laos and N Vietnam.
  • Orthotomus sutorius longicauda (J. F. Gmelin, 1789)
    – SE China (including Hainan) and N Vietnam (N Tonkin).
  • Orthotomus sutorius maculicollis (F. Moore, 1855)
    – S Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Cambodia and S Vietnam.
  • Orthotomus sutorius edela (Temminck, 1836)
    – Java.

Orthotomus sutorius ssp. maculicollis
Date : 27 May 2018
Location : Sri Berkat Resthouse, Fraser's Hill, Daerah Hulu Selangor, Selangor

Tuesday, 8 May 2018

Order - Charadriiformes
Family - Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Common Tern
Sterna hirundo
普通燕鸥
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    Size : 32–39 cm; 97–146 g (average 120–135 g in breeding season, 
             102 g in winter); Wingspan 72–83 cm
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Sterna hirundo hirundo (Linnaeus, 1758)
    – North America (C & E Canada, N & E USA) to N South America, Atlantic islands, Europe, N Africa (Tunisia) and W Africa (Mauritania, Senegal, erratically Nigeria), through Middle East and Black and Caspian Seas to Yenisey Valley; winters S of Tropic of Cancer.
  • Sterna hirundo minussensis (Sushkin, 1925)
    – C Asia from upper Yenisey Valley E to Baikal and N Mongolia; winters mainly N Indian Ocean.
  • Sterna hirundo tibetana (H. Saunders, 1876)
    – W Mongolia S to Kashmir and SW & SC China (Tibet, Sichuan), at high altitudes; winters mostly E Indian Ocean.
  • Sterna hirundo longipennis (Nordmann, 1835)
    – NE Siberia S to NE China (C Heilongjiang to Inner Mongolia and Shanxi); winters E Indian Ocean and SE Asia to Australia and (rarely) New Zealand.

Sterna hirundo ssp. longipennis
Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Sterna hirundo ssp. longipennis
Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Sterna hirundo ssp. longipennis
Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Monday, 7 May 2018

Order - Columbiformes
Family - Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Yellow-vented Pigeon /
Yellow-vented Green-pigeon
Treron seimundi
白腹针尾绿鸠
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    Size : 30–33 cm
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Treron seimundi modestus (Delacour, 1926)
    – mountains of N & C Laos and N, C & S Vietnam (Annam, Cochinchina); presumably this race in W, NW & SE Thailand.
  • Treron seimundi seimundi (Robinson, 1910)
    – mountains of Malay Peninsula.

Treron seimundi ssp. seimundi
Date : 06 May 2018
Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Treron seimundi ssp. seimundi
Date : 06 May 2018

Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Treron seimundi ssp. seimundi
Date : 06 May 2018
Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Sunday, 6 May 2018

Order - Charadriiformes
Family - Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Black-naped Tern
Sterna sumatrana
黑枕燕鸥
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    Size : 34–35 cm; 98–100 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Sterna sumatrana mathewsi (Stresemann, 1914)
    – Seychelles (Aldabra, Farquhar, Alphonse, Amirante), Chagos Archipelago and Maldive Is, in W Indian Ocean.
  • Sterna sumatrana sumatrana (Raffles, 1822)
    – Andaman and Nicobar Is E to S Japan and China, and S through Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia and New Guinea to NE & E Australia and Pacific islands (Micronesia S to New Caledonia and E to Samoa), with breeding also suspected
    (at least formerly) in S Myanmar; birds from Japan and China winter to S.

Sterna sumatrana ssp. sumatrana
Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Saturday, 5 May 2018

Order - Procellariiformes
Family - Procellariidae (Petrels, Shearwaters)
Short-tailed Shearwater
Ardenna tenuirostris
短尾水薙鸟
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    Size : 40–45 cm; 480–930 g; Wingspan 91–100 cm

    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Temminck, 1836, seas north of Japan and shores of Korea)
    – Pacific and S Indian Oceans, breeding in Tasmania and S Australia (bulk of population in SE).

Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Wednesday, 2 May 2018

Order - Bucerotiformes
Family - Bucerotidae (Hornbills)
Wreathed Hornbill
Rhyticeros undulatus
花冠皱盔犀鸟
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    Size : 75–85 cm; Male 1680–3650 g, Female 1360–2685 g

    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Shaw, 1811, Java)
    – S Bhutan and NE India E to Vietnam (N Annam), and S to Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali, including several intervening offshore islands.

Date : 01 May 2018
Location : Old Pumphouse Road, Gohtong Jaya, Genting Highlands,
Daerah Bentong/Daerah Gombak, Pahang/Selangor