Wednesday, 8 August 2018

Order - Pelecaniformes
Family - Ardeidae (Herons)
Black-crowned Night-heron
Nycticorax nycticorax
黑冠麻鹭
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 56–65 cm; 278–1100 g; Wingspan 105–112 cm
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758)
    – C & S Europe and N Africa E to C, S & E Asia (to E China, Japan and Taiwan), and S to Java, Sulawesi, Timor and Philippines; sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar. Some N breeders winter in S parts of range.
  • Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli (J. F. Gmelin, 1789)
    – S Canada (EC Alberta to Nova Scotia) S through USA and Central and South America to N Chile and NC Argentina (Río Negro); Hawaiian Is.
  • Nycticorax nycticorax obscurus (Bonaparte, 1855)
    – N Chile (from Atacama) and NC Argentina (from Río Negro) S to Tierra del Fuego.
  • Nycticorax nycticorax falklandicus (E. J. O. Hartert, 1914)
    – Falkland Is.

Date : 29 July 2018
Location : Taiping Lake Garden, Taiping, Daerah Larut, Matang & Selama, Perak

Sunday, 15 July 2018

Order - Strigiformes
Family - Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Brown Fish-owl
Ketupa zeylonensis
褐渔鸮
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 48–58 cm; one male c. 1105 g, one female 1308 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Ketupa zeylonensis semenowi (Zarudny, 1905)
    – S Turkey, Israel (probably extinct) and S Iran to SE Pakistan and NW India; probably also N Syria.
  • Ketupa zeylonensis leschenaulti (Temminck, 1820)
    – N Pakistan and India (S of Himalayas) E to Myanmar (except NE) and Thailand.
  • Ketupa zeylonensis zeylonensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1788)
    – Sri Lanka.
  • Ketupa zeylonensis orientalis (Delacour, 1926)
    – NE Myanmar to SE China (Guangxi, Guangdong), S to Malay Peninsula, Indochina and Hainan I.

Date : 21 July 2018
Location : Gunung Keriang, Mukim Gunong, Daerah Kota Setar, Kedah

Date : 21 July 2018
Location : Gunung Keriang, Mukim Gunong, Daerah Kota Setar, Kedah


Date : 21 July 2018
Location : Gunung Keriang, Mukim Gunong, Daerah Kota Setar, Kedah


Date : 15 July 2018
Location : Gunung Keriang, Mukim Gunong, Daerah Kota Setar, Kedah

Monday, 9 July 2018

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Zosteropidae (White-eyes)
Oriental White-eye
Zosterops palpebrosus
灰腹绣眼鸟
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 9.6–11 cm; 5.6–11 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Zosterops palpebrosus palpebrosus (Temminck, 1824) – Oriental White-eye
    – SE Arabia (Mahawt I, in Oman); S Iran (Khoor-e-Azini, Jask, Khoor-e-Khalasi, Khoor-e-Neyzei), NE Afghanistan, Pakistan and N India E to S China (SE Xizang, SW Sichuan and Yunnan E to SW Guangxi) and Myanmar (except S & SE).
  • Zosterops palpebrosus nilgiriensis (Ticehurst, 1927)
    – S Western Ghats (hills of S Karnataka and W Tamil Nadu), in SW India.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus salimalii (Whistler, 1933)
    – S Eastern Ghats (Shevaroy, Chitteri, Seshachalam, Nallamalai), in SE India.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus egregius (Madarász, 1911)
    – lowlands of India, Laccadive Is and Sri Lanka.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus siamensis (Blyth, 1867)
    – S Myanmar (Pegu, Kayah, Kayin), N, E & SE Thailand and NW Indochina.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus nicobaricus (Blyth, 1845)
    – Andaman Is and Nicobar Is (except S).
  • Zosterops palpebrosus williamsoni (Robinson & Kloss, 1919)
    – Gulf of Thailand coast (from Bangkok S to Pattani) and W Cambodia.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus auriventer (A. O. Hume, 1878)
    – extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim), W coast of S Thailand, W & SE Peninsular Malaysia (including islands of Ra, Libong, Pinang, Kelang Estuary Group and Pisang off W coast, and Tioman off E coast), Singapore, E coastal areas of Sumatra, Riau Is (Kundur), Bangka I, S Natuna Is and Borneo (W Sarawak, Brunei).
  • Zosterops palpebrosus buxtoni (Nicholson, 1879)
    – highlands of Sumatra, and extreme W Java (Bantam and Bogor).
  • Zosterops palpebrosus melanurus (Hartlaub, 1865) – Sunda White-eye
    – Java and Bali.
  • Zosterops palpebrosus unicus (E. J. O. Hartert, 1897)
    – Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa and Flores).

Zosterops palpebrosus ssp. auriventer
Date : 08 July 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah

Tuesday, 26 June 2018

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Sturnidae (Starlings)
Jungle Myna
Acridotheres fuscus
林八哥
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 24 cm; 72–98 g

    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Acridotheres fuscus fuscus (Wagler, 1827)
    – N Pakistan E through Himalayan foothills to NE India (Assam), S in lower hills to Rajasthan and N Odisha, and to Bangladesh; also Myanmar (except N & E).
  • Acridotheres fuscus mahrattensis (Sykes, 1832)
    – W India from Rajasthan S to Kerala, E to W Tamil Nadu.
  • Acridotheres fuscus fumidus (Ripley, 1950)
    – E Assam and Nagaland, in NE India.
  • Acridotheres fuscus torquatus (W. R. Davison, 1892)
    – Malay Peninsula (except extreme S).
    Introduced (nominate race) in Fiji, Futuna, Samoa and Taiwan.


Date : 24 June 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah

Sunday, 24 June 2018

Order - Columbiformes
Family - Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Red Turtle-dove /
Red Collared-dove
Streptopelia tranquebarica
火斑鸠
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 20.5–23 cm; 104 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Streptopelia tranquebarica tranquebarica (Hermann, 1804)
    – Sind and Punjab E to W Nepal, Bihar and Bengal, and S through peninsular India.
  • Streptopelia tranquebarica humilis (Temminck, 1824)
    – NE Tibet, Nepal, NE India (Sikkim and Assam) and Andaman Is to Myanmar, Thailand and Indochina and on to N China, Taiwan and N Philippines.
    Also Peninsular Malaysia and Sulawesi, where presumed to have been introduced.


Date : 24 June 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah


Date : 24 June 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah


Date : 24 June 2018
Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah

Date : 24 June 2018

Location : Hutan Paya Bakau Sungai Merbok, Sungai Batu,
Daerah Kuala Muda, Kedah

Wednesday, 6 June 2018

Order - Piciformes
Family - Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Chequer-throated Woodpecker /
Chequer-throated Yellownape
Chrysophlegma humii
斑喉绿啄木鸟 / 方格喉绿啄木鸟
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : c. 26–29 cm; 82–121 g
    
    (NT : Near Threatened)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Hargitt, 1889, Malacca and Selangor)
    – S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and S peninsular Thailand to Sumatra (including Bangka) and Borneo.

Date : 16 February 2018
Location : Taman Botani Negara Shah Alam (TBNSA),
Shah Alam, Daerah Petaling, Selangor

Sunday, 3 June 2018

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Cisticolidae (Cisticolas & allies)
Common Tailorbird
Orthotomus sutorius
长尾缝叶莺
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 10–14 cm; 6–10 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Orthotomus sutorius guzuratus (Latham, 1790)
    – Pakistan and peninsular India.
  • Orthotomus sutorius fernandonis (Whistler, 1939)
    – highland Sri Lanka.
  • Orthotomus sutorius sutorius (Pennant, 1769)
    – lowland Sri Lanka.
  • Orthotomus sutorius patia (Hodgson, 1845)
    – Nepal terai and foothills E to Bhutan, Bangladesh, NE India and W Myanmar.
  • Orthotomus sutorius luteus (Ripley, 1948)
    – NE India (E Assam, Nagaland S to N Manipur).
  • Orthotomus sutorius inexpectatus (La Touche, 1922)
    – S China (SE Xizang, Yunnan) and E Myanmar E to N Laos and N Vietnam.
  • Orthotomus sutorius longicauda (J. F. Gmelin, 1789)
    – SE China (including Hainan) and N Vietnam (N Tonkin).
  • Orthotomus sutorius maculicollis (F. Moore, 1855)
    – S Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Cambodia and S Vietnam.
  • Orthotomus sutorius edela (Temminck, 1836)
    – Java.

Orthotomus sutorius ssp. maculicollis
Date : 27 May 2018
Location : Sri Berkat Resthouse, Fraser's Hill, Daerah Hulu Selangor, Selangor

Tuesday, 8 May 2018

Order - Charadriiformes
Family - Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Common Tern
Sterna hirundo
普通燕鸥
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 32–39 cm; 97–146 g (average 120–135 g in breeding season, 
             102 g in winter); Wingspan 72–83 cm
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Sterna hirundo hirundo (Linnaeus, 1758)
    – North America (C & E Canada, N & E USA) to N South America, Atlantic islands, Europe, N Africa (Tunisia) and W Africa (Mauritania, Senegal, erratically Nigeria), through Middle East and Black and Caspian Seas to Yenisey Valley; winters S of Tropic of Cancer.
  • Sterna hirundo minussensis (Sushkin, 1925)
    – C Asia from upper Yenisey Valley E to Baikal and N Mongolia; winters mainly N Indian Ocean.
  • Sterna hirundo tibetana (H. Saunders, 1876)
    – W Mongolia S to Kashmir and SW & SC China (Tibet, Sichuan), at high altitudes; winters mostly E Indian Ocean.
  • Sterna hirundo longipennis (Nordmann, 1835)
    – NE Siberia S to NE China (C Heilongjiang to Inner Mongolia and Shanxi); winters E Indian Ocean and SE Asia to Australia and (rarely) New Zealand.

Sterna hirundo ssp. longipennis
Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Sterna hirundo ssp. longipennis
Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Sterna hirundo ssp. longipennis
Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Monday, 7 May 2018

Order - Columbiformes
Family - Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Yellow-vented Pigeon /
Yellow-vented Green-pigeon
Treron seimundi
白腹针尾绿鸠
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 30–33 cm
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Treron seimundi modestus (Delacour, 1926)
    – mountains of N & C Laos and N, C & S Vietnam (Annam, Cochinchina); presumably this race in W, NW & SE Thailand.
  • Treron seimundi seimundi (Robinson, 1910)
    – mountains of Malay Peninsula.

Treron seimundi ssp. seimundi
Date : 06 May 2018
Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Treron seimundi ssp. seimundi
Date : 06 May 2018
Location : Berjaya Hills, Daerah Bentong, Pahang

Sunday, 6 May 2018

Order - Charadriiformes
Family - Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Black-naped Tern
Sterna sumatrana
黑枕燕鸥
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 34–35 cm; 98–100 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Sterna sumatrana mathewsi (Stresemann, 1914)
    – Seychelles (Aldabra, Farquhar, Alphonse, Amirante), Chagos Archipelago and Maldive Is, in W Indian Ocean.
  • Sterna sumatrana sumatrana (Raffles, 1822)
    – Andaman and Nicobar Is E to S Japan and China, and S through Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia and New Guinea to NE & E Australia and Pacific islands (Micronesia S to New Caledonia and E to Samoa), with breeding also suspected
    (at least formerly) in S Myanmar; birds from Japan and China winter to S.

Sterna sumatrana ssp. sumatrana
Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Saturday, 5 May 2018

Order - Procellariiformes
Family - Procellariidae (Petrels, Shearwaters)
Short-tailed Shearwater
Ardenna tenuirostris
短尾水薙鸟
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 40–45 cm; 480–930 g; Wingspan 91–100 cm

    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Temminck, 1836, seas north of Japan and shores of Korea)
    – Pacific and S Indian Oceans, breeding in Tasmania and S Australia (bulk of population in SE).

Date : 05 May 2018
Location : Off Tanjung Dawai, Daerah Yan, Kedah

Wednesday, 2 May 2018

Order - Bucerotiformes
Family - Bucerotidae (Hornbills)
Wreathed Hornbill
Rhyticeros undulatus
花冠皱盔犀鸟
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 75–85 cm; Male 1680–3650 g, Female 1360–2685 g

    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Shaw, 1811, Java)
    – S Bhutan and NE India E to Vietnam (N Annam), and S to Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali, including several intervening offshore islands.

Date : 01 May 2018
Location : Old Pumphouse Road, Gohtong Jaya, Genting Highlands,
Daerah Bentong/Daerah Gombak, Pahang/Selangor

Sunday, 29 April 2018

Order - Anseriformes
Family - Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, Swans)
Cotton Pygmy-goose
Nettapus coromandelianus
棉凫
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 30–38 cm; 
             Male c. 255–312 g, Female c. 185–255 g (coromandelianus),
             Male 311–495 g, Female 255–439 g (albipennis)
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Nettapus coromandelianus coromandelianus (J. F. Gmelin, 1789)
    – most of Oriental Region; N New Guinea.
  • Nettapus coromandelianus albipennis (Gould, 1842)
    – E Australia (mainly E Queensland).

Nettapus coromandelianus ssp. coromandelianus
Date : 02 July 2017
Location : Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) Bidor, 
Daerah Batang Padang, Perak

Nettapus coromandelianus ssp. coromandelianus
Date : 02 July 2017
Location : Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) Bidor, 
Daerah Batang Padang, Perak

Saturday, 28 April 2018

Order - Caprimulgiformes
Family - Apodidae (Swifts)
Glossy Swiftlet
Collocalia esculenta
白腹金丝燕
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : 9–10 cm; 6.3–11 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Collocalia esculenta affinis (Beavan, 1867) – Western Glossy Swiftlet
    – Andaman Is and Nicobar Is.
  • Collocalia esculenta elachyptera (Oberholser, 1906)
    – Mergui Archipelago, off extreme S Myanmar.
  • Collocalia esculenta vanderbilti (Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1941)
    – Nias I (off W Sumatra).
  • Collocalia esculenta oberholseri (Stresemann, 1912)
    – Batu Is and Mentawai Is (off W Sumatra).
  • Collocalia esculenta natalis (Lister, 1889)
    – Christmas I (Indian Ocean, S of Java).
  • Collocalia esculenta septentrionalis (Mayr, 1945)
    – Calayan, Babuyan and Camiguin Norte, in extreme N Philippines.
  • Collocalia esculenta isonota (Oberholser, 1906)
    – N Luzon (N Philippines).
  • Collocalia esculenta marginata (Salvadori, 1882) – Philippine Glossy Swiftlet
    – C Luzon to Palawan and Bohol (W & N Philippines).
  • Collocalia esculenta bagobo (Hachisuka, 1930)
    – Mindoro, Mindanao and SW Sulu Archipelago (WC & S Philippines).
  • Collocalia esculenta spilura (G. R. Gray, 1866)
    – N Moluccas.
  • Collocalia esculenta manadensis (Salomonsen, 1983)
    – N Sulawesi to Sangihe and Talaud Is.
  • Collocalia esculenta esculenta (Linnaeus, 1758) – Eastern Glossy Swiftlet
    – C & S Sulawesi through Banggai Is and Sula Is to C & S Moluccas.
  • Collocalia esculenta minuta (Stresemann, 1925)
    – Tanahjampea I and Kalao I, in Flores Sea.
  • Collocalia esculenta sumbawae (Stresemann, 1925)
    – W Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa, Sumba and Flores).
  • Collocalia esculenta perneglecta (Mayr, 1944)
    – E Lesser Sundas (Alor, Wetar, Kisar, Romang, Damar; also Sawu, probably this race).
  • Collocalia esculenta neglecta (G. R. Gray, 1866)
    – SC Lesser Sundas (Dao, Roti, Semau, Timor).
  • Collocalia esculenta amethystina (Salomonsen, 1983)
    – Waigeo I (W Papuan Is).
  • Collocalia esculenta erwini (Collin & E. J. O. Hartert, 1927)
    – alpine WC New Guinea (Maoke Mts, c. 1600 m and above).
  • Collocalia esculenta numforensis (Salomonsen, 1983)
    – N Geelvink Bay islands (Numfor; probably Biak), in NW New Guinea.
  • Collocalia esculenta nitens (Ogilvie-Grant, 1914)
    – W Papuan Is (Batanta, Salawati, Misool and, probably this race, Kofiau) and lowland New Guinea (occasionally to 2500 m), including Yapen I (Geelvink Bay) and Karkar I (off NE coast).
  • Collocalia esculenta misimae (Salomonsen, 1983)
    – Louisiade Archipelago.
  • Collocalia esculenta stresemanni (Rothschild & E. J. O. Hartert, 1914)
    – Admiralty Is (Manus, Los Negros, Rambutyo, Nauna).
  • Collocalia esculenta heinrothi (Neumann, 1919)
    – New Hanover, New Ireland (including Nusa I) and nearby Djaul I (EC Bismarck Archipelago).
  • Collocalia esculenta spilogaster (Salomonsen, 1983)
    – E Bismarck Archipelago: Tabar Is (Tatau), Lihir Group and Green Is (Nissan).
  • Collocalia esculenta tametamele (Stresemann, 1921)
    – Long I, New Britain and Witu Is; N Solomon Is (Buka and Bougainville).
  • Collocalia esculenta becki (Mayr, 1931)
    – C & E Solomons from Shortland I, Fauro I, Choiseul and New Georgia Group to Malaita and Guadalcanal.
  • Collocalia esculenta makirensis (Mayr, 1931)
    – Makira (San Cristobal I), in SE Solomons.
  • Collocalia esculenta desiderata (Mayr, 1931)
    – Rennell I (S Solomons).
  • Collocalia esculenta uropygialis (G. R. Gray, 1866)
    – Santa Cruz Is (Utupua, Vanikoro) and Vanuatu (including Torres and Banks Is).
  • Collocalia esculenta albidior (Salomonsen, 1983)
    – Loyalty Is and New Caledonia.
    Also occurs (race unknown) on Salayar I (S of Sulawesi) and in Tanimbar Is.


Date : 01 March 2018
Location : Gunung Alab Restaurant, KM 55 Penampang-Tambunan Road, Tambunan, Bahagian Pedalaman, Sabah

Thursday, 26 April 2018

Order - Piciformes
Family - Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Great Slaty Woodpecker
Mulleripicus pulverulentus
大灰啄木鸟
_________________________________________________________________________________

    Size : c. 45–50 cm; 360–563 g
    
    (VU : Vulnerable)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Mulleripicus pulverulentus harterti (Hesse, 1911)
    – N India (Himachal Pradesh) E through Himalayan foothills to N Myanmar and S China (S Yunnan), S to S Thailand and Indochina.
  • Mulleripicus pulverulentus pulverulentus (Temminck, 1826)
    – Peninsular Thailand S to E Sumatra, W Java, Borneo and N Natunas, and W Philippines (Balabac, Palawan).

Mulleripicus pulverulentus ssp. pulverulentus
Date : 30 April 2017
Location : Tasik Pedu, Daerah Padang Terap, Kedah