Sunday, 16 December 2018

Purple-backed / Daurian Starling

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Sturnidae (Starlings)
Purple-backed Starling / Daurian Starling
Agropsar sturninus
北椋鸟



    Size : 16–19 cm; 100 g
    
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Pallas, 1776, southern Dauria between Onon and Argun Rivers, south-east Russia)
    – E Mongolia, SE Russia (SE Transbaikalia E to Ussuriland), NE & C China (E Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang S to S Gansu and Shandong) and N Korea; non-breeding SE Asia and Greater Sundas.

Date : 15 December 2018
Location : Malim Nawar Wetland, Daerah Kampar, Perak

Saturday, 15 December 2018

White Wagtail

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Motacillidae (Pipits & Wagtails)
White Wagtail
Motacilla alba
白鹡鸰



    Size : 16.5–18 cm; Male 20–24·6g, 
             Female 17.6–21.9 g (to 27.9 g when laying)
    
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Motacilla alba yarrellii (Gould, 1837) – British Pied Wagtail
    – Britain and Ireland, possibly also N parts of W Europe; partial migrant, winters S to NW Africa.
  • Motacilla alba subpersonata (Meade-Waldo, 1901) – Moroccan Wagtail
    – NW Africa (W Morocco).
  • Motacilla alba alba (Linnaeus, 1758) – White-faced Wagtail
    – SE Greenland (irregular), Iceland, Faroe Is and throughout continental Europe (has bred Britain and Ireland) E to Urals, Turkey and Levant; winters in S part of range and S to W & E Africa, Arabia and SW Asia.
  • Motacilla alba dukhunensis (Sykes, 1832)
    – C Russia (Ural Mts E to Taymyr Peninsula) S to Caucasus, NW Iran, Kyrgyz Steppes and foothills of Altai Mts; winters Middle East E to Indian Subcontinent.
  • Motacilla alba persica (Blanford, 1876)
    – NC & W Iran (S Elburz Mts, Zagros Mts).
  • Motacilla alba ocularis (Swinhoe, 1860) – Siberian Wagtail
    – N & NE Siberia (E from Taymyr Peninsula and R Yenisey, S to Lensk region, Stanovoy Mts and N Kamchatka) and extreme NW USA (W Alaska); winters S Asia E from NE Indian Subcontinent.
  • Motacilla alba personata (Gould, 1861) – Masked Wagtail
    – C Asia from Transcaspia and N Iran E to S Russia (W Sayan Mts), W Mongolia, extreme NW China (NW & W Xinjiang) and S to N Afghanistan, N Pakistan and Kashmir; winters Iran and E Arabia E to Indian Subcontinent.
  • Motacilla alba baicalensis (Swinhoe, 1871) – Baikal Wagtail
    – SC Siberia (upper R Yenisey E to Stanovoy Mts) S to Mongolia and NE China (NE Inner Mongolia); winters N India E to SE China and C Indochina.
  • Motacilla alba lugens (Gloger, 1829) – Black-backed Wagtail
    – SE Russia (from S coasts of Sea of Okhotsk, Sakhalin, C Kamchatka and Commander Is) S to N Korea and Japan; winters Myanmar E to SE China, Taiwan and S Japan.
  • Motacilla alba leucopsis (Gould, 1838) – Chinese Wagtail
    – C & E China (Qinghai E to Heilongjiang and W Zhejiang, S to N Guangxi and N Guangdong), Russian Far East (Amurland, Ussuriland), Korea and SW Japan (SW Honshu, N Kyushu); winters S Asia E from N India.
  • Motacilla alba alboides (Hodgson, 1836) – Himalayan Wagtail
    – Himalayas (E from NE Pakistan), S China (S Xizang, S & SE Qinghai E to S Shaanxi, S to Yunnan and Guizhou), N Myanmar, extreme N Laos and extreme N Vietnam; winters in foothills and S to Bangladesh and N Thailand.

Date : 15 December 2018
Location : Malim Nawar Wetland, Daerah Kampar, Perak

Date : 15 December 2018
Location : Malim Nawar Wetland, Daerah Kampar, Perak

Monday, 10 December 2018

Rusty-naped Pitta

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Pittidae (Pittas)
Rusty-naped Pitta
Hydrornis oatesi
栗头八色鸫

   
    Size : 23–25 cm; 117–124 g

    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Hydrornis oatesi oatesi (A. O. Hume, 1873)
    – N, E & SE Myanmar E to NE Laos and S to W, S & NE Thailand.
  • Hydrornis oatesi castaneiceps (Delacour & Jabouille, 1930)
    – S China (S Yunnan), N Vietnam (Tonkin, N Annam) and C Laos.
  • Hydrornis oatesi bolovenensis (Delacour, 1932)
    – S Laos and S Annam.
  • Hydrornis oatesi deborah (B. F. King, 1978)
    – C Peninsular Malaysia.

Hydrornis oatesi ssp. deborah
Date : 08 December 2018
Location : Fraser's Hill, Mukim Tras, Daerah Raub, Pahang

Hydrornis oatesi ssp. deborah
Date : 08 December 2018
Location : Fraser's Hill, Mukim Tras, Daerah Raub, Pahang

Hydrornis oatesi ssp. deborah
Date : 08 December 2018
Location : Fraser's Hill, Mukim Tras, Daerah Raub, Pahang

Hydrornis oatesi ssp. deborah
Date : 08 December 2018
Location : Fraser's Hill, Mukim Tras, Daerah Raub, Pahang

Saturday, 1 December 2018

Sunda Scops-owl

Order - Strigiformes
Family - Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Sunda Scops-owl
Otus lempiji
巽他领角鸮



    Size : 20–23 cm; 90–140 g
    
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Otus lempiji condorensis (Kloss, 1930)
    – Con Son I (off S Vietnam).
  • Otus lempiji lempiji (Horsfield, 1821)
    – Malay Peninsula (except S), S Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung, Java, Bali, N Natuna Is, Borneo (except N).
  • Otus lempiji cnephaeus (Deignan, 1950)
    – S Malay Peninsula.
  • Otus lempiji hypnodes (Deignan, 1950)
    – N & C Sumatra.
  • Otus lempiji lemurum (Deignan, 1957)
    – N Borneo.
  • Otus lempiji kangeanus (Mayr, 1938)
    – Kangean Is.

Otus lempiji ssp. lempiji
Date : 16 December 2018
Location : Hua Seng Keng Chinese Temple, Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak

Otus lempiji ssp. lempiji
Date : 16 December 2018
Location : Hua Seng Keng Chinese Temple, Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak

Otus lempiji ssp. lempiji
Date : 16 December 2018
Location : Hua Seng Keng Chinese Temple, Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak

Otus lempiji ssp. lempiji
Date : 16 December 2018
Location : Hua Seng Keng Chinese Temple, Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak

Otus lempiji ssp. lempiji
Date : 02 December 2018
Location : Hua Seng Keng Chinese Temple, Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak

Otus lempiji ssp. lempiji
Date : 02 December 2018
Location : Hua Seng Keng Chinese Temple, Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak


Otus lempiji ssp. lempiji
Date : 02 December 2018
Location : Hua Seng Keng Chinese Temple, Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak

Otus lempiji ssp. lempiji
Date : 02 December 2018
Location : Hua Seng Keng Chinese Temple, Kuala Gula, Daerah Kerian, Perak

Sunday, 25 November 2018

Glossy Ibis

Order - Pelecaniformes
Family - Threskiornithidae (Ibises, Spoonbills)
Glossy Ibis
Plegadis falcinellus
 彩鹮



    Size : 48.5–66 cm; 350–840 g; Wingspan 80–95 cm
    
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Temminck, 1836, Borneo)
    – Wide discontinuous breeding distribution from S Europe, Africa and Madagascar (also Agalega in W Indian Ocean) to C & S Asia, Philippines, Sulawesi and Java; S New Guinea and Australia (except arid interior); also Atlantic coast of North America and West Indies to NC Venezuela. Occurs more widely as a vagrant.

Date : 24 November 2018
Location : Malim Nawar Wetland, Daerah Kampar, Perak

Date : 24 November 2018
Location : Malim Nawar Wetland, Daerah Kampar, Perak

Date : 24 November 2018
Location : Malim Nawar Wetland, Daerah Kampar, Perak

Date : 24 November 2018
Location : Malim Nawar Wetland, Daerah Kampar, Perak

Friday, 23 November 2018

Crow-billed Drongo

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Dicruridae (Drongos)
Crow-billed Drongo
Dicrurus annectens
大卷尾 / 黑卷尾



    Size : 27–32 cm; 44–68 g

    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Hodgson, 1836, Nepal)
    – NE Indian Subcontinent (Himalayan foothills E from Uttarakhand), N & C Myanmar, S China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Hainan), N Thailand and N & C Indochina. Non-breeding far NE India, Bangladesh, probably S China, and from S SE Asia S to Sumatra, W Java and N Borneo.

Date : 17 November 2018
Location : Air Hitam Dalam Educational Forest, Sungai Dua, Daerah Seberang Perai Utara, Pulau Pinang

Date : 17 November 2018
Location : Air Hitam Dalam Educational Forest, Sungai Dua, Daerah Seberang Perai Utara, Pulau Pinang

Friday, 16 November 2018

Lesser Crested Tern

Order - Charadriiformes
Family - Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Lesser Crested Tern
Thalasseus bengalensis
小凤头燕鸥



    Size : 35–43 cm; 185–242 g; Wingspan 88–105 cm
    
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Thalasseus bengalensis emigratus (Neumann, 1934)
    – Libya, with scattered, irregular breeding in S Europe; most winter along W African coasts.
  • Thalasseus bengalensis bengalensis (Lesson, 1831)
    – Red Sea, and coasts and islands of NW Indian Ocean (mainly Pakistan, Laccadives and Maldives); winters S to S Africa, Madagascar and Sri Lanka.
  • Thalasseus bengalensis torresii (Gould, 1843)
    – Sulawesi to New Guinea and N Australia; in winter extends into N Indian and SW Pacific Oceans.
    Also breeds (possibly emigratus) in Persian Gulf.

Thalasseus bengalensis ssp. bengalensis
Date : 11 November 2018
Location : Bagan Sungai Burung, Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak

Tuesday, 13 November 2018

Osprey

Order - Accipitriformes
Family - Pandionidae (Osprey)
Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
鱼鹰



    Size : 55–58 cm; Wingspan 127–174 cm
             Male 990–1800g, Female 1200–2050g
    
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Pandion haliaetus haliaetus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Western Osprey
    – from Britain and Scandinavia E to Kamchatka and Japan, and S to Mediterranean, Red Sea, C China and Taiwan, also Canary Is and Cape Verde Is; winters mainly sub-Saharan Africa (S to S Africa, where occasionally claimed to breed), India, W Indonesia and Philippines.
  • Pandion haliaetus carolinensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1788)
    – Alaska E across S Canada to Labrador, and S in USA to California and patchily to N Arizona and Florida, also NW Mexico (Baja California), and has bred Cuba; winters West Indies and Central America S to South America (S to Chile and C Argentina).
  • Pandion haliaetus ridgwayi (Maynard, 1887)
    – Caribbean, including Bahamas, Cuba and Belize.
  • Pandion haliaetus cristatus (Vieillot, 1816) – Eastern Osprey
    – Borneo, Java and Bali E through Wallacea to New Guinea lowlands (including Bismarck Archipelago), S to coastal Australia, Solomon Is and New Caledonia.

Pandion haliaetus ssp. haliaetus
Date : 24 November 2018
Location : Batu Gajah, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Pandion haliaetus ssp. haliaetus
Date : 24 November 2018
Location : Batu Gajah, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Pandion haliaetus ssp. haliaetus
Date : 03 November 2018

Location : Batu Gajah, Daerah Kinta, Perak

Nordmann's / Spotted Greenshank

Order - Charadriiformes
Family - Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
 Nordmann's Greenshank / Spotted Greenshank
Tringa guttifer
小青脚鹬 / 诺氏鹬



    Size : 29–32 cm; 136–158 g; Wingspan 55 cm

    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Nordmann, 1835, Okhotsk, Russia)
    – Sakhalin and W Sea of Okhotsk; possibly also N Sea of Okhotsk and Kamchatka. Winter range not well known, but recorded in NE India, Bangladesh and Myanmar S to Malay Peninsula and E Sumatra; may be regular also in Japan, S Korea, E China, Taiwan, Philippines and perhaps elsewhere.

Date :11 November 2018
Location : Bagan Sungai Burung, Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak

Monday, 12 November 2018

Greater Crested Tern

Order - Charadriiformes
Family - Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Greater Crested Tern
Thalasseus bergii
大凤头燕鸥



    Size : 43–53 cm; 320–400 g (velox 340–400 g, thalassinus 320–350 g, 
             cristatus 325–383 g); Wingspan 100–130 cm
    
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Thalasseus bergii velox (Cretzschmar, 1827)
    – Red Sea and NW Somalia E to Myanmar, Maldives and Sri Lanka; W populations winter S to Kenya.
  • Thalasseus bergii thalassinus (Stresemann, 1914)
    – Tanzania, Seychelles, Aldabra and Rodrigues I, and possibly this race in NW Madagascar; wanders to S Somalia.
  • Thalasseus bergii bergii (M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823)
    – Namibia to South Africa; some non-breeders to S Mozambique.
  • Thalasseus bergii cristatus (Stephens, 1826)
    – Malaysia to Philippines and Ryukyu Is; E Australia to Society and Tuamotu Is.
  • Thalasseus bergii gwendolenae (Mathews, 1912)
    – W & NW Australia.

Thalasseus bergii ssp. cristatus
Date : 11 November 2018
Location : Bagan Sungai Burung, Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak

Thalasseus bergii ssp. cristatus
Date : 11 November 2018
Location : Bagan Sungai Burung, Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak

Thalasseus bergii ssp. cristatus
Date : 11 November 2018

Location : Bagan Sungai Burung, Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak

Sunday, 11 November 2018

Great Knot

Order - Charadriiformes
Family - Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Great Knot
Calidris tenuirostris
大滨鹬



    Size : 26–28 cm; 115–248 g; Wingspan 56–66 cm

    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Monotypic. (Horsfield, 1821, Java)
    – NE Siberia from Verkhoyansk Mts E to Magadan, Koryak Highlands and S Chukotskiy Peninsula; distribution poorly known. Winters mainly in SE Asia and S to Australia; also in Arabia, Pakistan, NW, S & NE India and Bangladesh.

Date : 11 November 2018
Location : Bagan Sungai Burung, Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak


Date : 11 November 2018
Location : Bagan Sungai Burung, Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak


Date : 11 November 2018
Location : Bagan Sungai Burung, Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak


Date : 11 November 2018
Location : Bagan Sungai Burung, Daerah Bagan Datuk, Perak

Wednesday, 7 November 2018

Eastern Spotted Dove

Order - Columbiformes
Family - Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Eastern Spotted Dove
Spilopelia chinensis
珠颈斑鸠



    Size : 27.5–30 cm; 106–198 g
    
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Spilopelia chinensis chinensis (Scopoli, 1786)
    – Myanmar to C & E China (Sichuan, W Yunnan and Hainan N & E to Hebei) and Taiwan.
  • Spilopelia chinensis tigrina (Temminck, 1810)
    – Bangladesh, extreme NE India, Myanmar and Thailand through Indochina, Philippines and Greater and Lesser Sundas to Timor.
    Introduced to Sulawesi (including many satellite islands), Moluccas (Buru, Banda,
    Ambon, Seram, Sawai, Obi, Bacan, Halmahera, Haruku, Loleba Besar, Morotai,
    Ternate, Tidore, Sula, Kai Kecil), Mauritius, E Australia and Tasmania, New Zealand
    (Auckland), New Caledonia, Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Taveuni, Lau Is), Hawaii
    (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawai) and continental USA (California);
    formerly New Britain (Rabul).


Spilopelia chinensis ssp. tigrina
Date : 04 November 2018
Location : Batu Gajah, Daerah Kinta, Perak


Spilopelia chinensis ssp. tigrina
Date : 04 November 2018
Location : Batu Gajah, Daerah Kinta, Perak


Spilopelia chinensis ssp. tigrina
Date : 04 November 2018
Location : Batu Gajah, Daerah Kinta, Perak


Spilopelia chinensis ssp. tigrina
Date : 04 November 2018
Location : Batu Gajah, Daerah Kinta, Perak


Spilopelia chinensis ssp. tigrina
Date : 04 November 2018
Location : Batu Gajah, Daerah Kinta, Perak


Spilopelia chinensis ssp. tigrina
Date : 04 November 2018
Location : Batu Gajah, Daerah Kinta, Perak