Saturday, 4 October 2014

Order - Charadriiformes
Family - Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Little Tern
Sternula albifrons
小燕鸥
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    Size : 22–28 cm; 47–63 g (average 50 g, Ukraine); Wingspan 47–55 cm
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Sternula albifrons albifrons (Pallas, 1764)
    – Europe through W Asia E to (at least) Afghanistan; winters on coasts from Africa
    E to W India.
  • Sternula albifrons innominata (Zarudny & Loudon, 1902)
    – islands in Persian Gulf.
  • Sternula albifrons guineae (Bannerman, 1931)
    – Ghana to Gabon and along R Niger and major tributaries, with marginal population in Mauritania and Senegal.
  • Sternula albifrons pusilla (Temminck, 1839)
    – N India and Myanmar, and islands off Sumatra and Java.
  • Sternula albifrons sinensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1789)
    – Sri Lanka; SE Russia, China, Japan, SE Asia and Philippines to N Australia; recent colonist from Micronesia (Saipan) E to Hawaii most likely this race, and also some birds in New Britain and Solomons (Bougainville and perhaps Santa Isabel); N populations winter mostly in Malaysia.
  • Sternula albifrons placens (Gould, 1871)
    – E Australia and E Tasmania; some dispersal N to N Australia, possibly also to as
    far as Indonesia and SW Pacific.

    Race sinensis has nested in Saipan, Micronesia. There are records of its occurrence in Hawaii and of breeding on Midway Island but the identity of the birds involved does not yet seem to have been established conclusively. The range of albifrons includes Atlantic coastal Morocco and the Mediterranean coastline of N Africa.

Sternula albifrons ssp. sinensis
Date : 08 April 2017
Location : Kamunting Raya Industrial Estate, Kamunting, 
Daerah Larut, Matang & Selama, Perak

Sternula albifrons ssp. sinensis
Date : 08 April 2017
Location : Kamunting Raya Industrial Estate, Kamunting, 
Daerah Larut, Matang & Selama, Perak

Sternula albifrons ssp. sinensis
Date : 02 April 2017
Location : Kamunting Raya Industrial Estate, Kamunting, 
Daerah Larut, Matang & Selama, Perak

Sternula albifrons ssp. sinensis
Date : 26 January 2014
Location : Malim Nawar Wetland, Daerah Kampar, Perak

Sternula albifrons ssp. sinensis
Date : 26 January 2014
Location : Malim Nawar Wetland, Daerah Kampar, Perak

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