Thursday, 11 September 2014

Order - Coraciiformes
Family - Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
Collared Kingfisher
Todiramphus chloris
白领翡翠
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    Size : 23–25 cm; Male 51–90 g, Female 54–100 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Todiramphus chloris abyssinicus (Pelzeln, 1856)
    – S Red Sea coasts from NE Sudan to NW Somalia and in W Arabia.
  • Todiramphus chloris kalbaensis (Cowles, 1980)
    – S Arabian coast of United Arab Emirates (Khawr Kalba) and NW & NE Oman (Shinas, Mahawt I).
  • Todiramphus chloris vidali (Sharpe, 1892)
    – coastal W India from SW Maharashtra (Ratnagiri) S through Goa.
  • Todiramphus chloris davisoni (Sharpe, 1892)
    – Coco Is (off S Myanmar) and nearby Andaman Is.
  • Todiramphus chloris occipitalis (Blyth, 1846)
    – Nicobar Is.
  • Todiramphus chloris humii (Sharpe, 1892)
    – coasts from E India (West Bengal) E to Myanmar (including Mergui Archipelago) and S to Peninsular Malaysia, Tioman I and NE Sumatra.
  • Todiramphus chloris armstrongi (Sharpe, 1892)
    – interior of Myanmar, Thailand and Indochina.
  • Todiramphus chloris laubmannianus (Grote, 1933)
    – Sumatra (except NE coast) to Borneo, including Bangka, Belitung and other intervening islands.
  • Todiramphus chloris chloropterus (Oberholser, 1919)
    – islands off W coast of Sumatra (Simeulue S to Sipora).
  • Todiramphus chloris azelus (Oberholser, 1919)
    – Enggano I (off SW Sumatra).
  • Todiramphus chloris palmeri (Oberholser, 1919)
    – Java, Bali, Bawean I and Kangean Is.
  • Todiramphus chloris collaris (Scopoli, 1786)
    – Philippines, including Palawan and nearby islands.
  • Todiramphus chloris chloris (Boddaert, 1783)
    – Talaud Is and Sangihe S through Sulawesi, Banggai Is and Sula Is to Lesser Sundas (E from Lombok) and E to W Papuan Is and NW New Guinea (coasts of Vogelkop and Onin Peninsulas).
  • Todiramphus chloris sordidus (Gould, 1842)
    – Aru Is, coasts of SW to SE New Guinea, and N & NE Australia.
  • Todiramphus chloris pilbara (Johnstone, 1983)
    – Pilbara region of Western Australia (from De Grey R SW to Exmouth Gulf).
  • Todiramphus chloris colcloughi (Mathews, 1916)
    – coastal EC to SE Queensland (NE Australia).
  • Todiramphus chloris teraokai (Nagamichi Kuroda, 1915)
    – Palau Is.
  • Todiramphus chloris owstoni (Rothschild, 1904)
    – N Northern Marianas (Asuncion, Agrihan, Pagan, Almagan).
  • Todiramphus chloris albicilla (Dumont de Sainte Croix, 1823)
    – S Northern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian).
  • Todiramphus chloris orii (Taka-Tsukasa & Momiyama, 1931)
    – S Northern Marianas (Rota).
  • Todiramphus chloris matthiae (Heinroth, 1902)
    – St Matthias Is (NC Bismarck Archipelago).
  • Todiramphus chloris nusae (Heinroth, 1902)
    – New Hanover, New Ireland (except SW) and Feni Is (E Bismarcks).
  • Todiramphus chloris novaehiberniae (E. J. O. Hartert, 1925)
    – Djaul I and S New Ireland.
  • Todiramphus chloris bennetti (Ripley, 1947)
    – Nissan I (E of S New Ireland).
  • Todiramphus chloris stresemanni (Laubmann, 1923)
    – islands between mainland New Guinea and New Britain (Long, Tolokiwa, Umboi, Sakar, and Witu Is).
  • Todiramphus chloris tristrami (E. L. Layard, 1880)
    – New Britain and satellite islets.
  • Todiramphus chloris colonus (E. J. O. Hartert, 1896)
    – Egum Atoll, Alcester I, Bonvouloir I and Louisiade Archipelago, off SE New Guinea.
  • Todiramphus chloris alberti (Rothschild & E. J. O. Hartert, 1905)
    – W & C Solomons from Buka and Bougainville SE to Florida Is and Guadalcanal.
  • Todiramphus chloris pavuvu (Mayr, 1935)
    – Pavuvu, in Russell Is (C Solomons).
  • Todiramphus chloris mala (Mayr, 1935)
    – Malaita (E Solomons).
  • Todiramphus chloris solomonis (E. P. Ramsay, 1882)
    – Makira (San Cristobal) and adjacent islands (E Solomons).
  • Todiramphus chloris sororum (I. C. J. Galbraith & E. H. Galbraith, 1962)
    – Malaulalo and Malaupaina, off N Makira (E Solomons).
  • Todiramphus chloris amoenus (Mayr, 1931)
    – Rennell and Bellona (SE Solomons).
  • Todiramphus chloris vicina (Mayr, 1931)
    – Duff Is (NE Santa Cruz Is).
  • Todiramphus chloris brachyurus (Mayr, 1931)
    – Reef or Swallow Is (NC Santa Cruz Is).
  • Todiramphus chloris ornatus (Mayr, 1931)
    – Tinakula and Nendo (NW Santa Cruz Is).
  • Todiramphus chloris utupuae (Mayr, 1931)
    – Utupua I (C Santa Cruz Is).
  • Todiramphus chloris melanodera (Mayr, 1931)
    – Vanikoro I (S Santa Cruz Is).
  • Todiramphus chloris torresianus (Mayr, 1931)
    – Hiu, Loh and Toga, in Torres Is (N Vanuatu).
  • Todiramphus chloris santoensis (Mayr, 1931)
    – Banks Is S to Espiritu Santo and Malo (NC Vanuatu).
  • Todiramphus chloris juliae (Heine, 1860)
    – Ambae and Maewo S to Efaté (EC Vanuatu).
  • Todiramphus chloris erromangae (Mayr, 1938)
    – Erromango and Aneityum (S Vanuatu).
  • Todiramphus chloris tannensis (Sharpe, 1892)
    – Tanna (S Vanuatu).
  • Todiramphus chloris regina (Mayr, 1941)
    – Futuna Is (Wallis and Futuna Is).
  • Todiramphus chloris pealei (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1867)
    – Tutuila (American Samoa).
  • Todiramphus chloris manuae (Mayr, 1941)
    – Ofu, Olosega and Tau, in Manua Is (American Samoa).
  • Todiramphus chloris vitiensis (Peale, 1848)
    – Vanua Levu, Taveuni, Viti Levu, Koro, Ovalau and Ngau (Fiji).
  • Todiramphus chloris marinus (Mayr, 1941)
    – Lau Archipelago (E Fiji).
  • Todiramphus chloris eximius (Mayr, 1941)
    – Kadavu and offshore islands (SW Fiji).
  • Todiramphus chloris sacer (J. F. Gmelin, 1788)
    – C & S Tonga.

    Several other, apparently undescribed populations occur in Santa Cruz Is (Tikopia, Anuta).

Todiramphus chloris ssp. humii
Date : 11 October 2015
Location : Hutan Simpan Kekal Byram, Nibong Tebal, 
Daerah Seberang Perai Selatan, Pulau Pinang

Todiramphus chloris ssp. humii
Date : 11 October 2015
Location : Hutan Simpan Kekal Byram, Nibong Tebal, 
Daerah Seberang Perai Selatan, Pulau Pinang

Todiramphus chloris ssp. humii
Date : 11 October 2015
Location : Hutan Simpan Kekal Byram, Nibong Tebal, 
Daerah Seberang Perai Selatan, Pulau Pinang

Todiramphus chloris ssp. humii
Date : 31 October 2013
Location : Kampung Dato Seri Kamaruddin, Seri Manjung, 
Daerah Manjung, Perak
Todiramphus chloris ssp. humii
Date : 31 October 2013
Location : Kampung Dato Seri Kamaruddin, Seri Manjung, Daerah Manjung, Perak
Todiramphus chloris ssp. humii
Date : 31 October 2013
Location : Kampung Dato Seri Kamaruddin, Seri Manjung, Daerah Manjung, Perak
Todiramphus chloris ssp. humii
Date : 31 October 2013
Location : Kampung Dato Seri Kamaruddin, Seri Manjung, Daerah Manjung, Perak


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