Tuesday, 9 September 2014

Order - Passeriformes
Family - Estrildidae (Waxbills)
Scaly-breasted Munia
Lonchura punctulata
斑文鸟
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    Size : 12 cm, 12-16 g
    
    (LC : Least Concern)
    Subspecies and Distribution
  • Lonchura punctulata punctulata (Linnaeus, 1758)
    – N Pakistan, India (except NE), Nepal terai and Sri Lanka.
  • Lonchura punctulata subundulata (Godwin-Austen, 1874)
    – Bhutan, Bangladesh, NE India (Assam) and W Myanmar.
  • Lonchura punctulata yunnanensis (Parkes, 1958)
    – S China (SE Xizang, S Sichuan, Yunnan) and N & NE Myanmar.
  • Lonchura punctulata topela (Swinhoe, 1863)
    – S Myanmar, Thailand, SE China, Hainan I, Taiwan, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
  • Lonchura punctulata cabanisi (Sharpe, 1890)
    – Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Calauit, Palawan, Panay, Negros, Cebu, Mindanao) and N Borneo (coastal W Sabah and Brunei).
  • Lonchura punctulata fretensis (Kloss, 1931)
    – S Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Sumatra and Nias I.
  • Lonchura punctulata nisoria (Temminck, 1830)
    – S Borneo (W & S Kalimantan), Java, Bali, and W Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumbawa).
  • Lonchura punctulata particeps (Riley, 1920)
    – Sulawesi.
  • Lonchura punctulata baweana (Hoogerwerf, 1963)
    – Bawean I, off NE Java.
  • Lonchura punctulata sumbae (Mayr, 1944)
    – Sumba, in W Lesser Sundas.
  • Lonchura punctulata blasii (Stresemann, 1912)
    – C & E Lesser Sundas (Flores E to Timor and Tanimbar Is).

    Introduced (mainly race topela) in Seychelles, Mascarene Is, Japan, Australia,
    Palau Is (extirpated), Caroline Is, Hawaiian Is, Tahiti, West Indies (Cuba, Puerto
    Rico, Jamaica, Hispaniola), Guadeloupe; nominate race in S USA (California).

Lonchura punctulata ssp. fretensis
Date : 01 November 2015
Location : Permatang Pauh Paddyfield,
Daerah Seberang Perai Tengah, Pulau Pinang

Lonchura punctulata ssp. fretensis
Date : 02 May 2015
Location : Seberang Perak Paddyfield, Daerah Perak Tengah, Perak

Lonchura punctulata ssp. fretensis
Date : 02 May 2015
Location : Seberang Perak Paddyfield, Daerah Perak Tengah, Perak

Lonchura punctulata ssp. fretensis
Date : 22 October 2014
Location : Seberang Perak Paddyfield, Daerah Perak Tengah, Perak


Lonchura punctulata ssp. fretensis
Date : 22 October 2014
Location : Seberang Perak Paddyfield, Daerah Perak Tengah, Perak

Lonchura punctulata ssp. fretensis
Date : 22 October 2014
Location : Seberang Perak Paddyfield, Daerah Perak Tengah, Perak

Lonchura punctulata ssp. fretensis
Date : 22 October 2014
Location : Seberang Perak Paddyfield, Daerah Perak Tengah, Perak

Lonchura punctulata ssp. fretensis
Date : 24 November 2013
Location : Seberang Perak Paddyfield, Daerah Perak Tengah, Perak
Lonchura punctulata ssp. fretensis
Date : 24 November 2013
Location : Seberang Perak Paddyfield, Daerah Perak Tengah, Perak

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